March 6, 2015

Developmental Milestones

Physical Development

Fine Motor Development

Language Development

Mental Development

Social Development

1 Month

1 Month

Average weekly weight gain is 5 to 6 ounces until 6 Months

Average monthly height growth is 1 inch until 6 Months

Head sags when not supported

Raises head slightly when lying on stomach

Briefly regards objects

Hands form a fist/are tightly closed

Occasionally brings hands to mounth

Wraps fingers around object when placed in palm of hand

Cries when uncomfortable

Makes low throaty noises

Responds to voice

Is egocentric

Can distinguish tastes

Expects feedings at certain intervals

Briefly watches objects

Makes eye contact when alert

Quiets when picked up

Regards faces and reacts to stimulation

 

3 Months

 3 Months

Switches from reflex to voluntary body control

Sits when supported with minimum head bobbing

Turns head toward bright colors

Makes fists with both hands

Briefly grasps objects

Visually follows moving objects

Hands open most of the time

Actively holds a toy

Hands come together at eye level-center of vision

Pulls at blankets or clothing

Visually follows objects 180 degrees

Bears weight on forearms while on tummy

Makes vowel-like sounds

Responds with vocalization to mother’s smile and voice

Listens to voices

Cries less

Makes cooing sounds

Is attentive for up to 15 minutes at one time

Follows object from side to side of body

Repeats actions for their own sake

Recognizes bottle or breast

Begins to understand that hands and feet are extensions of self

Stop crying when parents approach

Responds with total body to face he recognizes

 

6 Months

6 months

Average weekly weight gain is 3 to 5 ounces for next 6 Months

Chews and bites

Reaches for objects and picks up

Roll from stomach to back

Brings object to mouth

Pulls blanket off face

Plays with hands at center of their vision or in front of their face

Holds onto objects for up to 30 seconds

Both hands on bottle or breast

Knows what it is reaching for

Looks or goes after dropped objects

Transfers objects from hand to hand

Reaches for an object with one arm

Vowels begin to be interspersed with more consonants

Babbles and becomes more active during exciting sounds

Vocalizes pleasures and displeasures

Picks up blocks briefly and directly

Inspects objects at length

Senses the relationship between hands and objects they manipulate

Shows fear of strangers and excitement to familiar people

Laughs when head covered with towel

Laughs out loud

Holds out arms when wants to be picked up

 

9 Months

 9 Months

Crawls with one hand full

Crawls up stairs

Builds a tower of two blocks

Gets down from standing

Clasps hands or bangs objects together

Bangs toys on surface

Hands to feet/feet to mouth

Holds two objects, one in each hand

Bangs, drops, shakes toys

Uses both hands to play with toys

Bangs two objects together

Grasps small objects using thumb against side of index finger

Plays pat-a-cake/claps hands

Uses words meaningfully

Responds to 1 or 2 words other than name

Imitates coughs, tongue clicking, and hissing

Fears heights, aware of vertical space

Beginning of intelligence, assigns symbols to events

Begins to show a quality of persistence

Recognizes mother and self in mirror

Perceives mother as a serparate person; father as a separate person probably

 

12 Months

12 Months

Crawls on hands and knees

Birth weight is tripled

Walks with help

Drinks from a cup and eats from spoon with help

Sits without support

Pokes with index finger

Lets go of objects in an awkward way

Reaches for objects that are close

With demonstration will release cube into cup

Places cube on cube, tries to stack objects

Uses finger and thumb to pick up objects that are small

Holds crayon in a way that allows them to color

Says 2 to 8 words

Imitates sounds of animals

Controls intonations, patterns of those similar to parents

Stacks two blocks

Searches for a hidden object, even if he hasn’t seen it hidden, but only remembers where it was last seen

Understands no and bye-bye

Distinguishes from self and others

Fears strange people and places

Waves bye-bye, plays patty cake and peek-a-boo

 

13-18 Months

13 – 18 Months

Soft spot on top of head closes

Abdomen protrudes

Imitates housework

Needs 10 to 12 hours of sleep each night

Walks without help

Turns more than one page at a time

Builds tower of two cubes

Removes lid from shoe box to retrieve toy

Holds foot out to put shoe on

Holds two cubes in one hand

Scribbles on paper

Removes both socks and shoes

Builds tower of three or four cubes

Places two shapes in a puzzle

Puts several blocks into a cup/container

Says 4 to 6 six words at 15 months, 10 or more at 18 months

Points to desired objects

Vocalizes voice up and down

Understands relationship between object and use

Beginning concept of “up” and “down”

Recognizes familiar pictures

Feeds self with hands

Enjoys being the center of attention

Prefers certain people to others

Begins to adjust to babysitter

Likes to look at pictures

 

24 Months

 24 Months

Average yearly weight gain is 4 to 6 pounds

Gait is steadier and more like an adult

Strings three beads

Snips paper in one place with scissors

Unzips zipper

Draws in a straight line

Separates pop beads in one place

Turns pages one at a time

Places three shapes in a puzzle

Forms short sentences with vocabulary of about 300 words

Uses pronouns

Verbalizes need for food, drink, and toilet

Refers to self by name

Invents new ways to play with a toy

Begins mental problem-solving and play

Has insight and forethought

Builds tower of 4-8 blocks

Dawdles

Is negative

Wants to make friends, but unsure how

Likes to imitate parents

 

2.5 Years

 2.5 Years

Birth weight is quadrupled

Primary teeth complete

Can build tower of 8 blocks

Copies circle from model

Throws ball about 4-5 feet

Removes screw on cap from bottle

Places rings on stand in any order

Imitates making a train with cubes

Draws a straight horizontal line

Removes shirt, pants and shorts with help for fasteners

Able to turn a door knob

Gives first and last names

Enjoys rhymes and singing

Is egocentric

Symbolic and fantasy play

Begins to understand the concept of time

Uses symbols increasingly

Separates easily from parents

Notices sex difference

Independent in toileting except for wiping

 

3 Years

3 Years

Average yearly weight gain is 4 to 6 pounds

Begins to use scissors

Balances on one foot for 5 seconds

Runs easily

Rides a tricycle

Uses a toilet

Draws circles, end point within one-half inch of beginning

Imitates making a bridge with cubes

Demonstrates hand washing

Cut paper from one side to the opposite side with scissors

Vocabulary of about 900 words

Talks in sentences of about nine words

Asks many questions

Repeats common rhymes

Says sounds a, m, b, p, n, l, w

Repeats three numbers

Still engages in fantasy play

Builds tower of 9-10 cubes

Less negative

More friendly

Begins to understand taking turns and sharing

Begins to learn meaning of simple rules

 

4 Years

4 Years

Balances on one foot for 4 – 8 seconds

Jumps from step

Cuts straight with scissors

Copies a circle

Unbuttons large buttons

Winds up toy by turning knob

Cuts entire length of traced line within one-half inch of the line

Pulls on shorts

Draws a cross with intersecting lines

Begins to show a hand preference

Strings 4 to 5 beads

Copies the word “Stop”

Draws a person with at least 8 body parts

Copies a diamond

Imitates building steps with blocks

Asks question- “What, Where, Who?”

Speaks clearly and is understood by non-family members

Gives reasonable answers to basic questions

Says sounds of d, g, f, k, y

Dresses and undresses with little help

Gives first and last name

Counts to 5

Builds a tower of 10 blocks

Shows many emotions

Parallel play with other children

 

5 Years

5 Years

Skips using alternate feet

Catches large balls

Bathes self

Walks backwards toe to heel

Fold paper in half with edges within 1/8″ of each other

Cuts square within 1/8″ of lines

Speaks clearly in sentences up to 5 – 6 words Dresses alone

Counts up to 10 objects

Copies familiar shapes (square, circle, triangle)

Put objects behind, in front of, under, back, etc.

Plays with boys and girls

Likes playing with adults or older children

 

6 Years

6 Years

Climbs, skips, hops, and gallops

Learning to ride bikes

Connects dots with straight line

Touches each finger to thumb rapidly

Colors within lines without crossing lines

Imitates building a pyramid of cubes

Copies the word “Stop”Copies a diamond

Uses all types of sentence structure

Prints letters

Draws a person with at least 8 body parts

Imitates building steps with blocks

Able to define objects use (a spoon being something you eat with)

Describes objects seen in pictures

Recognizes shapes, numbers

Makes decisions easily

Likes to have a best friend

Developing a sense of right and wrong

Likes small group play

Knows right from left